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Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition

November 30, 1805


November 30th 1805.

cloudy morning    set out before sun rise and continued our rout up the bey—

S. 60 E. 1 ½ to a point.    land not very high and open    woods a little back
from the bay
S. 80 E. 3 m. to the center of a bend passing a point at 1 m. land the
〈same as in last course〉 from the commenct. of this course
S. 35 W. 2 ½ m across the bay to a point of marshey ground which for
three miles in width borders this coast—
S. 60 W 2 m. to a point of marshey ground—
S. 50 W    ¾ m. to a marshey point at arm of the bay.    from this point a
point of highland bore S. 25 E. 3 miles distant—
N. 80 W. 2 ½ to a marshey point passing the arm of the bey ¼ of a mile
wide— [1]    the country to the S. E. appears to be low for a
great distance and is marshey and untimbered for three miles
back, from this point, the eastern point or commencement of
the bay bore N. 15 E. 3 miles.—
N. 60 W. 3 [2] miles passing an inlet [3] of 100 yds. wide at 4 m. to a point of
marshey ground, here an inlet [4] of from 40 to 60 yds. in width
comes in just opposite to the upper point of a shore which we
have heretofore thought and island but which I am now con-
vinced is the main land.    we asscended this stream about 2 m.
it's course being S. 15 E.    we halted near a small cops of tim-
bered land to which we walked and dined 〈after which〉

Sent out three men to examin the country to the S. & W.    they returned after about 2 hours and informed me that the wood was so thick and obstructed by marrasses & lakes that they were unable to proceed to the ocean which could not be at any considerable distance from the apparent sound of the waves breaking on the Coast.    we now returned and asscended the inlet which we had last passd [5]    no fresh appearance of Elk or deer in our rout so far.    asscend the inlet as we intended about 1 m. found it became much smaller and that it did not keep it's direction to the high land which boar S. 10 W. but inclined West.    therefore returned to the large arm of the bay which we passed this morning. [6]    here we expect to meet with the Clât-sop Indians, who have tantilized us with there being much game in their neighbourhood.    this information in fact was the cause of my present resurch, for where there is most game is for us the most eliguble winter station.—    continued our rout up the large arm of the bay about 6 miles and encamped on the Stard. side on the highland. the water was quite sweet.    therefore concluded that it must be supplyed from a large crick.    at our camp it is 120 yds. wide, tho' it gets narrower above. 〈about 2 miles〉    it rained but little on us today tho' it was cloudy generally.—    Wind from N. E.—    saw a great abundance of fowls, brant, large geese, white brant sandhill Cranes, common blue crains, [7] cormarants, haulks, ravens, crows, gulls and a great variety of ducks, the canvas back, duckinmallard, [8] black and white diver, [9] brown duck— &c &c—

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Summary | 1 Annotation
thickly covered with lofty pine maney of which are 10 & 12 feet through and more than 200 feet high.  
2020/08/10 03:32