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Two Brainz
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  • Constitution article 20 Despite the loss of official status Shinto still remains a very significant player in Japanese spirituality and everyday life.
  • which they seem to have regarded as either a government-run cult, or a religion that had been converted into a military and nationalist ideology.
  • which they se
  • seem to have regarded as either a government-run cult, or a religion that had been converted into a military and nationalist ideology.
  • certainly the orders issued by the occupying forces were very hostile to Shinto
  • One academic has written that the American Occupation Forces "undoubtedly wished to crush and destroy Shinto"
  • Shinto was disestablished in 1946, when the Emperor lost his divine status as part of the Allied reformation of Japan.
  • Buddhist priests were stripped of their status, and new Shinto priests were often appointed to shrines with a tacit mission to purify them.
  • Shrines were cleaned of every trace of Buddhist imagery
  • One result of this reformation was that it was no longer acceptable for kami to be identified with Buddhist deities,
  • However, this financial aid was short-lived, and by the 1890s most Shinto shrines were once again supported by those who worshipped at them.
  • Shinto became the official state religion of Japan, and many shrines were supported by state funding.
  • but as the high priest of Shinto.
  • not only as ruler, but as the high priest of Shinto.
  • was brought to centre stage and used to validate the role of the Emperor
  • Amaterasu
  • nd brought within the structure of the state administration
  • Shinto was reorganised, completely separated from Buddhism,
  • The 17th century was dominated by Buddhism - but a Buddhism heavily laden with Shinto - partly because an anti-Christian measure forced every Japanese person to register at a Buddhist temple and to pay for the privilege of being a Buddhist.
  • Religion became something of a hot potato when missionaries arrived in Japan during this period and started converting people from Shinto and Buddhism. Christianity was seen as a political threat and was ruthlessly stamped out.
  • Over the next few centuries the Buddhist influence in government grew steadily stronger,
  • Buddhism began to expand significantly, and was given a role in supporting the growing influence of central government.
  • Buddhist temples were built, and Buddhist ideas were explored.
  • Some Shinto shrines became Buddhist temples, existed within Buddhist temples, or had Buddhist priests in charge.
  • From then on Shinto faiths and traditions took on Buddhist elements, and later, Confucian ones.
  • Shintoisms were the only religions in Japan until the arrival of Buddhism in the 6th century CE.
  • From the 6th century CE the beliefs that are now known as Shinto were greatly altered by the addition of other ingredients.
  • These religions were highly localised, and not organised into a single faith.
  • Japanese developed rituals and stories which enabled them to make sense of their universe,
  • found in plants and animals, mountains and seas, storms and earthquakes, sand and all significant natural phenomena
  • In their case these were the Kami
  • Like many prehistoric people, the first inhabitants of Japan were probably animists; devoted to the spirits of nature.
  • During this period there was no formal Shinto religion, but many local cults that are nowadays grouped under the name Shinto.
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