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  • By the 11th century, this had been adapted by the Church into a tradition called 'souling', which is seen as being the origin of trick-or-treating.
  • The Americanised (Americanized?) Halloween that we experience today actually originated in the Celtic fringes of Britain, and was adapted over the decades by Christian traditions, immigrants' conventions and an insatiable desire for sweets.
  • Later, costumes became influenced by pop culture, and became more sexualised in the 1970s.
  • In Austria some people leave bread, water and a lighted lamp on the table before going to bed. It is believed that this will welcome dead souls back to Earth.
  • The influx of Irish immigrants in the 1840s to North America could not find any turnips to carve, as was tradition, so they used the more readily available pumpkin into which they carved scary faces.
  • Children go door-to-door, asking for soul cakes in exchange for praying for the souls of friends and relatives. They went dressed up as angels, demons or saints.
  • The origins of trick or treating and dressing up were in the 16th century in Ireland, Scotland and Wales where people went door-to-door in costume asking for food in exchange for a poem or song.
  • The phrase trick-or-treat was first used in America in 1927, with the traditions brought over to America by immigrants.
  • Costumes became more adventurous - in Victorian ages, they were influenced by gothic themes in literature, and dressed as bats and ghosts or what seemed exotic, such as an Egyptian pharoah
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  • How can I serve humanity? This is life’s biggest and most important question. When you work towards something greater than yourself, you find meaning, you find purpose.
  • Aligned with a leader who believed that technology which didn’t exist yet could reinvent tomorrow’s world. Aligned with myself and my own deep need to serve something greater.
  • Technology today is integral to almost all aspects of our lives and most of the time it’s a force for good. And yet the potential adverse consequences are spreading faster and cutting deeper. The threats to security, threats to privacy, fake news, and social media that becomes antisocial.
  • Thanks to discoveries made right here, billions of people are leading healthier, more productive and more fulfilling lives.
  • There is so much out there conspiring to make you cynical. The internet has enabled so much and empowered so many, but it can also be a place where basic rules of decency are suspended and pettiness and negativity thrive
  • And if we’re ever going to solve some of the hardest problems facing the world today, everything from cancer to climate change to educational inequality, then technology will help us to do it. But technology alone isn’t the solution. And sometimes it’s even part of the problem.
  • I found that my life got bigger when I stopped carrying about what other people thought about me. You will find yours will too. Stay focused on what really matters.
  • When you are convinced that your cause is right, have the courage to take a stand.
  • Always remember there is no idea bigger than this. As Dr. Martin Luther King said, “All life is interrelated. We are all bound together into a single garment of destiny.”
  • As you leave here to start the next leg of your journey in life, there will be days where you ask yourself, ‘Where is this all going?’ ‘What is the purpose?’ ‘What is my purpose?’
  • We both love hard problems. We love the search for new ideas, and we especially love finding those ideas, the really big ones, the ones that can change the world.
  • Don’t listen to trolls and for God’s sake don’t become one.
  • Sometimes the very technology that is meant to connect us divides us.
  • I had never met a leader with such passion or encountered a company with such a clear and compelling purpose: to serve humanity.
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 technology and computing 8006
  • I remember the night I launched Facebook from my little dorm in Kirkland House. I went to Noch's with my friend KX. I remember telling him I was excited to connect the Harvard community, but one day someone would connect the whole world.
  • The greatest successes come from having the freedom to fail.
  • Ideas don't come out fully formed. They only become clear as you work on them. You just have to get started.
  • Today I want to talk about three ways to create a world where everyone has a sense of purpose: by taking on big meaningful projects together, by redefining equality so everyone has the freedom to pursue purpose, and by building community across the world.
  • Anyone taking initiative will get criticized for moving too fast, because there's always someone who wants to slow you down.
  • Every generation expands its definition of equality. Previous generations fought for the vote and civil rights. They had the New Deal and Great Society. Now it's our time to define a new social contract for our generation.
  • Let's give everyone the freedom to pursue their purpose -- not only because it's the right thing to do, but because when more people can turn their dreams into something great, we're all better for it.
  • This is not a battle of nations, it's a battle of ideas. There are people in every country for global connection and good people against it.
  • Purpose is that sense that we are part of something bigger than ourselves, that we are needed, that we have something better ahead to work for. Purpose is what creates true happiness.
  • The challenge for our generation is creating a world where everyone has a sense of purpose.
  • To keep our society moving forward, we have a generational challenge -- to not only create new jobs, but create a renewed sense of purpose.
  • It's good to be idealistic. But be prepared to be misunderstood.
  • It's going to happen at the local level, when enough of us feel a sense of purpose and stability in our own lives that we can open up and start caring about everyone. The best way to do that is to start building local communities right now.
  • Let's do big things, not only to create progress, but to create purpose.
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 internet technology 7696
  • Red packets, also known as hongbao in Mandarin Chinese, are an important tradition of the festival.
  • They're envelopes containing gifts of money given by married people to unmarried people — although many also have the practice of giving money to their parents.
  • The Lunar New Year, which kicks off on Feb. 16, is East Asia's most important holiday season. The festival, also known as Chinese New Year, can be described as Thanksgiving, Christmas, and even New Year's Eve rolled into one holiday, which marks the beginning of spring and the coming together of families. Other than China, where many go on a week-long holiday, countries like Singapore, Malaysia, South Korea and Vietnam also celebrate the festival as public holidays. As a result, the celebration impacts stock markets, factory production and economic activity. This year, it's also being cited by some as contributing to bitcoin's slump in January as Asian traders are perceived to be cashing out their cryptocurrencies to buy gifts for the holiday season. Big budgets for the holidays Last year, Singapore-based United Overseas Bank polled respondents in three Southeast Asian countries to find out their budgets for the Lunar New Year. In Singapore, a survey of about 500 revealed the average holiday budget to be $1,890 (roughly 2,500 Singapore dollars). VCG | Getty Images Chinese consumers queue up outside a time-honored grocery store to buy their Chinese New Year essentials in Shanghai. The same survey was also carried out in Indonesia and Malaysia, where the intended spend per person came in at about 10 million Indonesian rupiah (about $800) and 4,201 Malaysian ringgit (about $1,000), respectively. In all three countries, people intended to spend money mainly on food, travel and gift giving. Similar data for China was not available, but the country's consumption has been growing, Last year, Chinese consumers reportedly spent 840 billion Chinese yuan (just under $140 billion) in retail and catering services over the week-long holiday, an increase of 11.4 percent from 2016. Gifting money goes digital Red p
  • The number is expected to grow again this year. Last week, a report from the China Tourism Academy and Ctrip said they expected the number of outbound Chinese travelers this year to reach a new record of 6.5 million
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 shopping 6914
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 movies 7435
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 alternative religions 6659
  • Avoiding dangerous levels of climate change is still just about possible, but will require unprecedented effort and coordination from governments, businesses, citizens and scientists in the next three years, a group of prominent experts has warned.
  • Coal use is showing clear signs of decline in key regions, including China and India.
  • This year’s weather has beaten high temperature records in some regions, and 2014, 2015 and 2016 were the hottest years on record.
  • They calculate that if emissions can be brought permanently lower by 2020 then the temperature thresholds leading to runaway irreversible climate change will not be breached.
  • We stand at the doorway of being able to bend the emissions curve downwards by 2020
  • The opportunity given to us over the next three years is unique in history.
  • These include increasing renewable energy to 30% of electricity use; plans from leading cities and states to decarbonise by 2050; 15% of new vehicles sold to be electric; and reforms to land use, agriculture, heavy industry and the finance sector, to encourage green growth.
  • “We have been blessed by a remarkably resilient planet over the past 100 years, able to absorb most of our climate abuse. Now we have reached the end of this era, and need to bend the global curve of emissions immediately, to avoid unmanageable outcomes for our modern world.”
  • Former UN climate chief Christiana Figueres among signatories of letter warning that the next three years will be crucial to stopping the worst effects of global warming
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  • Transformers 5 (Transformers: The Last Knight) is aimed to be a continuation of the mega Hasbro movie franchise but also a fresh start for newcomers that will launch – you guessed it – a share cinematic universe Marvel style) with the first spinoff coming in 2018 based on Bumblebee.
  • Guy Ritchie is back in the director’s chair for this epic period piece starring Charlie Hunnam (Sons of Anarchy, Pacific Rim) and Ritchie regular, Jude Law.
  • There’s a new Star Wars, more high profile superhero movies than ever before, several long-awaited adaptations and sequels, and much, much more making up our list of the most anticipated movies of 2017.
  • Dwayne Johnson’s name keeps popping up, there are six hotly anticipated movies in March
  • Films listed by each staffer get points for being listed in their personal top 30 and additional points for where they were ranked.
  • Baywatch brings back the television phenomenon of the ’90s and puts it on the big screen with a story that follows devoted lifeguard Mitch Buchannon (Johnson) as he butts heads with a brash new recruit (Efron).
  • A young Peter Parker/Spider-Man (Tom Holland), who made his sensational debut in Captain America: Civil War, begins to navigate his newfound identity as the web-slinging super hero in Spider-Man: Homecoming.
  • We suspect this American heavy plot is where Tatum, Bridges, and Berry all show up and we couldn’t be more excited to see a followup to the surprise hit that director Matthew Vaughn left the X-Men franchise for. It was worth it.
  • we’re psyched about this sci-fi space thriller from J.J. Abrams’ Bad Robot production company.
  • The Mummy aims to launch a shared cinematic Monsters universe for Universal Pictures that sadly does not include Dracula Untold.
  • It’s largely inspired by the original movie but mixes plot elements and its antagonist from multiple stories in the series.
  • Keanu Reeves returns in the sequel to the 2014 hit as legendary hitman John Wick who is forced to back out of retirement by a former associate plotting to seize control of a shadowy international assassins’ guild
  • Life tells the story of the six-member crew of the International Space Station that is on the cutting edge of one of the most important discoveries in human history: the first evidence of extraterrestrial life on Mars.
  • Wonder Woman sees Batman V Superman: Dawn of Justice’s Gal Gadot return as the title character in the epic action adventure from director Patty Jenkins.
  • Together, Batman and Wonder Woman work quickly to find and recruit a team of metahumans to stand against this newly awakened threat.
  • Old foes become new allies and fan-favorite characters from the classic comics will come to our heroes’ aid as the Marvel Cinematic Universe continues to expand.
  • A film which needs no marketing and one that doesn’t even have a title yet is easily the most anticipate film of 2017.
  • And Luke Skywalker will speak!
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 movies and tv 11965
  • You get to have fun, meet new people and find out interesting things, but you can also develop leadership skills and learn to work in a team. Even if you are an introvert  or very shy and feel uncomfortable talking to others, there are ways to become a fairly active member of a community.
  • all the positive changes you make have to be permanent. You will need to work on sticking with the good habits you have adopted, until they just become a natural part of who you are. That is how you achieve true self-improvement.
  • It takes time and patience to learn how to find joy in the little things and not to let problems bring you down.
  • It’s easy enough to start an exercise and diet program, but the trick is to find a decent one that will give you steady results and will be easy to stick to in the long run.
  • Meeting new people can be beneficial to your mental well-being and help your career, so don’t be afraid to get out there and make some friends.
  • A rainy day fund and some extra money that can go towards traveling abroad, fixing up the house or buying a new car are a welcome change of pace.
  • If you are confident other people notice it, and it is much easier to have your opinions heard, ask people out on dates and get ahead at work.
  • It’s not that difficult to go through 20 or more books in a year – you only need to make it a habit, discover your type of books and find a bit of time for reading here and there.
  • No matter if you’re male or female, know the dresscode and live with style.
  • Not only will learning a new language help improve your communication skills, it will also look great on your resume and possibly open up some doors for you.
  • It is much better to use your free time in a constructive manner and pick up new skills while having fun at the same time. The Future-You will be glad that you did. No matter if you’re interested in communication skills or sports, find out how to learn new skills and hobbies in a short time.
  • You’ll need to have your finances in order, get the right equipment and invest some time and effort before you consider traveling across the globe, but there are ways of experiencing different cultures and visiting faraway places even on a tighter budget.
  • Healing a broken heart is a process that takes time, but there are ways  and tricks to make it through this difficult time without too much pain.
  • Topics like art, music, history and culture often baffle people, but they can be easy to comprehend if you spend enough time learning about them using helpful websites and online courses.
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  • Control Centre, Lock Screen and Notifications
  • Changes to Wi-Fi and Bluetooth settings help alleviate battery problems
  • Lock Screen and Notifications have now been combined into one screen, but more excitingly Control Centre has been redesigned and is finally more customisable.
  • This allows developers to offer high-end augmented reality (AR) capabilities in their apps without having to develop the AR system themselves
  • there were some battery life concerns following the update to iOS 11
  • those using iOS 11 were finding that their battery was draining 'twice as fast' as those on iOS 10
  • New Messages features
  • Redesigned App Store
  • There's also new Messages in iCloud that'll automatically synchronise all of your conversations across all of your iOS and macOS devices.
  • "With the launch of iOS 11 this fall, our users in the US will be able to make and receive person-to-person payments quickly, easily, and securely."
  • For example, if you're looking at a particular place or topic in Safari, Siri can suggest related words and items in Mail, Messages and other apps
  • This a long-awaited feature that some would call dark mode, where whites in the OS become black, giving a darker, slicker feel.
  • Augmented reality
  • Launching the app will first take you to the new Today tab, which is designed to help with app discovery.
  • If you are experiencing a problem with battery life then the suggestion was that factory resetting your iPhone or iPad could fix it, but this would mean wiping your device.
  • Apple also added new features to Siri including the ability to translate what you say into German, French, Italian, Chinese or Spanish, with further languages being added soon.
  • New Camera features
  • Siri improvements
  • Smart Invert
  • The new Dock in iOS 11 for iPad means that you'll be able to access your favourite and most frequently used apps or files quickly and easily from any screen.
  • Better multitasking
  • A new Files app
  • Apple has also added a new technology called High Efficiency Image File Format (HEIF) that reduces the file size of your iPhone 7 or 7 Plus photos.
  • iOS 11 will bring Do Not Disturb While Driving, too.
  • system-wide Drag and Drop means you can move pretty much anything between any app for much quicker and easier ways of working
  • Files will keep all of your documents in one easy-to-use place.
  • You'll be able to drag-and-drop attachments from Mail or any other app into a particular folder, or create folders to help stay organised and find what you're looking for faster
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 operating systems 8589