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Savannah Ekland
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  • You’ll need plumbers, electricians, drywall, tile and window installers, carpenters and painters. You also need to arrange and time the delivery of appliances and supplies so that everyone has the necessary materials for each stage of the project. Finally, your county may require a building permit and plumbing and electrical inspections at various completion points.
  • On the other hand, if the project will take several weeks to complete and involves permits, inspections and multiple different skilled professionals, you probably need a general contractor.
  • No one wants to pay for more expertise than they need, so you shouldn’t hire a general contractor unless you’re tackling a fairly complicated project.
  • When a general contractor supervises the project, you know everyone will follow the manufacturer’s guidelines.
  • Licensed general contractors take responsibility for the entire worksite which means they carry worker’s compensation and liability insurance. If a worker is injured on the job or your property accidentally damaged, the contractor handles the situation. In short, if something goes wrong, the general contractor is financially responsible for making it right.
  • That includes securing the proper permits for the project and hiring, scheduling and overseeing the work of other subcontractors such as carpenters, plumbers and electricians.
  • A simple general definition for a contractor is someone who coordinates and supervises every aspect of a building or remodeling project.
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  • While some people may benefit with an increase in their hourly earnings, other employees will be let go to save costs. Employers may elect to cut hours across the board for everyone. Whichever way the employer goes, some of the workers will be in a worse situation. Seattle’s move to $15 an hour, a few years ago, resulted in workers given fewer hours and experiencing a net loss in pay.  
  • If the restaurant raises prices too high, then they’ll lose their customers to other restaurants that either pay people under the table—skirting the laws—or deploy technology.
  • If employees work eight hours a day each week, over the course of one year, the labor costs will be $436,800.
  • It's easier and less expensive to have technology take over. The unintended consequence will be that there will be far fewer jobs available for those that need them most.
  • Large corporations with big budgets will weigh the increased labor costs and elect to invest in technology to displace workers.
  • With the increased prices, customers may elect to take their business elsewhere. Losing customers means losing income, which could result in the business having to layoff workers.  
  • Employers, especially small family and midsize businesses, will be disproportionately hurt by the extra costs incurred. The local neighborhood stores and businesses with razor-thin profits will be forced to raise prices to make up for the addition labor costs.
  • The conclusion was that increasing the federal minimum wage would have two major impacts on low-wage workers: earnings would increase for many, which would lift some families out of poverty. However, other low-wage workers would become jobless, their family income would drop and it could place them below the poverty threshold.
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  • his bill reaffirms our determination to obtain each and every right enjoyed by citizens of the United States, by becoming the 51st State in the Union.”
  • duces the New Columbia Admission Act with a record number of original cosponsors - 93! By the end of the session, there are 133 cosponsors. In her introductory remarks, she states: "“Statehood is the only alternative for the citizens of the District of Columbia.  To be content with less than statehood is to concede the equality of citizenship
  • 265
  • es S. 3696, t
  • 2012 Over the course of the year, 13 more House members, or a total of 28, cosponsor H.R. 265.
  • which is H.R. 265, the
  • 2011 On April 11, 41 D.C. residents (dubbed the "D.C. 41 for 51"), including Mayor Vincent Gray and six members of the D.C. Council, are arrested for sitting down in the street outside the Hart Senate Office Building in an act of civil disobedience to protest Congressional riders on the District budget bill would prohibit the District from using its own funding to pay for abortions and require the District to invest in a school voucher program it does not want.
  • 2011 On March 1, the D.C. Council unanimously approves the "Sense of the Council on Calling on Congress to Admit the District of Columbia as the 51st State of Union Resolution of 2011."
  • 2011 On January 12, D.C. Delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton introduces 3 bills, the first of which is H.R. 265, the New Columbia Admission Act. Over the course of the year, 15 cosponsors are added.
  • 2011 On January 5, the House of Representatives, now controlled by the Republican Party, strips D.C. Delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton of her vote in the Committee of the Whole.
  • 2011 On January 4, at the first legislative session of the newly elected Council, all Council Members co-introduce a resolution endorsing D.C. statehood and urging D.C.'s Delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton to introduce a statehood bill.
  • 2009 The D.C. Council creates a new Special Committee on Statehood and Self-Determination chaired by Council Member Michael A. Brown. The Committee begins an extensive series of hearings on statehood and its ramifications. Led by Council Chair Vincent Gray, nine members of the D.C. Council attend the 2009 Legislative Summit of the National Conference of State Legislatures in Philadelphia and promote statehood.
  • 2009 Congress considers granting D.C. a vote in the House of Representatives. The Senate passes the bill with an extraneous gun rights amendment added by Sen. Ensign (R-NV) that strips the D.C. government of much of its authority to regulate guns. Nevertheless, Congress does not take any action on the Firearms Registration Act of 2008, which the D.C. Council passed in order to bring local gun laws into compliance with the Supreme Court decision in Heller. The House leadership pulls the bill. Despite having a Democratically controlled House and Senate, an amendment that would prohibit the District from providing money to any needle exchange program that operates within 1,000 feet of virtually any location where children gather is added to the House version of its 2010 appropriation bill (though finally deleted from the final bill).
  • 2005 The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia holds in Banner v. United States that in prohibiting a commuter tax on nonresidents working in the District Congress was merely exercising the power that "the legislature of a State might exercise within the State" and did not violate the equal protection or the uniformity clause of the Constitution.
  • 2020 On June 1, President Donald Trump calls out numerous federal law enforcement forces, some without any identification, to forcibly remove peaceful demonstrators from Lafayette Park and adjacent streets in the District of Columbia. The incident points up the District’s colonial status and the Federal Government’s ability to usurp control of public safety in the District. Notably, the D.C. National Guard is under the direction of the President, not the Mayor of D.C., unlike all other American states and colonies, and the President can federalize the  (D.C.) Metropolitan Police Force at will. D.C. Delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton has introduced bills to eliminate the President’s authority to federalize the MPD and to give the Mayor of D.C. control over the D.C. National Guard.
  • 2000 The Democratic Party’s platform says that “(t)he citizens of the District of Columbia are entitled to autonomy in the conduct of their civic affairs, full political representation as Americans who are fully taxed, and statehood.”
  • 2000 On March 20, a three judge panel of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, in the consolidated lawsuit of Adams v. Clinton and Alexander v. Daley, finds it has authority to only rule on the issue of apportionment and representation in the House and holds that inhabitants of the District are not unconstitutionally deprived of their right to vote for voting representation in the House. The court remands the issues of voting representation in the Senate and Adams' challenge to the existence of the Control Board to the single District Judge with whom the cases were originally filed, and that judge dismisses both claims. Adams' claim regarding the right to an elected state government insulated from Congressional interference is not directly addressed. In his dissent, Judge Louis Oberdorfer finds the people of the District of Columbia are entitled to elect members of the U.S. House.
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  • Adding a conservatory to your house is considered to be permitted development provided you meet various limits and conditions, but don’t forget that building regulations are a separate matter.
  • Most lofts can be converted, but it’s worth getting an architect or builder to double check before you start.
  • if it’s a loft conversion with an en suite bathroom
  • Loft conversion to add a bedroom
  • you could install a partially or fully glazed roof to keep the space light and airy.
  • you could lose windows and the light they’d bring in.
  • completion certificate
  • local authority building department or by an approved independent inspector
  • You’ll still have to comply with building regulations, and work will be inspected at key stages of the build,
  • usually be classed as a permitted development
  • gain valuable space and can also improve the layout.
  • A side return is a narrow alley that runs adjacent to the kitchen in a typical terraced or semi-detached house.
  • so long as the build cost per square foot is less than the price per square foot of the area.
  • 1. Convert your cellar
  • is the minimum
  • The biggest part of your conservatory will be the glass, so explore your options carefully.
  • standard permitted by building regulations, there is a whole host of glazing options available, including solar control glass and self cleaning glass. Again, think about which will suit your lifestyle and your home.
  • The biggest part of your conservatory will be the glass, so explore your options carefully. While double glazing is the minimum standard permitted by building regulations, there is a whole host of glazing options available, including solar control glass and self cleaning glass. Again, think about which will suit your lifestyle and your home.
  • Make the living area open-plan
  • Get a new bathroom
  • Kerb and garden appeal
  • Extend the kitchen with a side-return extension
  • Split a house into flats
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  • Advantage Premiums (referred to as Medicare Part C)
  • Medicare Part B
  • Medigap (referred to as Medicare Supplemental Insurance) or Medicare If you want insurance for costs that are not covered by basic Medicare you'll look at buying either
  • Long-term care insurance premiums Medicare does not cover the majority of long-term care costs you might experience. If you want to be assured you have funds to cover these costs, consider long-term care insurance. 
  • Those covered with Part D coverage will pay a co-pay per prescription. Also, some drugs are excluded from coverage.
  • Medicare Part D coverage (drug coverage) includes prescription drugs for self-administration.
  • Advantage Premiums (referred to as Medicare Part C) If you have a Medicare Advantage policy which includes dental, vision, and eye care, it may not provide as much additional hospitalization coverage, potentially leaving you and your family with a big bill should a chronic or severe illness comes along.
  • Medigap (referred to as Medicare Supplemental Insurance) or Medicare If you want insurance for costs that are not covered by basic Medicare you'll look at buying either a Medigap policy or a Medicare Advantage Plan,
  • Medicare Part B: This goes up as your income goes up. In 2018, if you made under $85,000, you would pay $134 per month. If you made more, you would pay more.
  • Their employer is often picking up the majority of the tab (usually about 75%) and the remaining cost (average is about 25%) comes out of their paycheck.
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  • Platinum is used as the catalyst in hydrogen fuel cells
  • This is going to provide a whole new avenue for platinum use to expand its demand beyond diesel engines as an exhaust catalyst. Diesel vehicles have been losing market share with the Volkswagen emissions scandal and as big rigs go electric in the future.
  • This coming year, platinum could get a bit more attention,
  • t level since 2008.
  • d continue to be a weakness on weak econ
  • Spiking interest in Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies was a headwind for gold and traditional haven assets in the fourth quarter.
  • In 2019, the amount of silver used in the applications stood at 7.5 million ounces, or 0.75 percent of annual output. By 2025, that amount could more than double to 16 million ounces and, by 2030, triple to 23 million ounces, according to estimates by Precious Metals Commodity Management.
  • 2021 may see strong demand from the auto sector, particularly in China. This, coupled with tighter emissions legislation from the Biden administration in the U.S., may be enough support to push palladium prices back near record highs.
  • Amazon alone is planning five major solar projects around the world, including its first in China, as the retail giant seeks to reach 80% renewable energy by 2024 and 100% by 2030. Once completed, these five projects will generate 1.2 million megawatt hours (MWh) of energy every year, or enough to power 113,000 average U.S. homes.
  • The global rollout of 5G technology, still i
  • emerging industrial applications.
  • Between now and 2030, PV manufacturers are projected to consume a staggering 888 million ounces of silver, according to CRU.
  • 2019
  • According to a report by CRU Consulting, solar power generation will increase to 1,053 terawatt hours (TWh) by 2025
  • Silver is set to become a major beneficiary of emerging industrial applications.
  • Silver was the best performing precious metal in 2020, up nearly 48%. Palladium and platinum were also strong performers, up 26% and 11%, respectively.
  • portfolio
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  • The campaigning group also said that, on average, it took Facebook a week to remove fact-checked fake reports from its platform after being informed by independent groups the posts contained misinformation. The delay, according to Quran, allowed millions of people to view the falsehoods after the company knew they were bogus.
  • While the company subsequently deleted some posts, Quran from Avaaz said identical social media messages, including the same images and texts, had often spread like wildfire globally as others copied the misinformation to share it with their friends and families.
  • "We will need more transparency and better access to data for researchers to fully verify the scope and impact of false content," Vêra Jourová, the European Commission vice president, told POLITICO in a written statement.
  • So far, Facebook said that, based on the work of independent fact-checking organizations, it had labeled 40 million Facebook posts with warnings that the content may be false.
  • "Facebook, given its scale, is the epicenter for misinformation," Fadi Quran, Avaaz's campaign director, told POLITICO, adding that the company's efforts to combat the problem had steadily improved since the social network announced it would do all it could to stop the spread of such life-threatening falsehoods.
  • MARK SCOTT
  • Millions of Facebook users will soon be told if they saw online posts containing misinformation about the coronavirus pandemic after the social networking giant announced Thursday its latest plans to contain the spread of rumors, half truths and lies connected to the public health crisis.
  • As part of its latest push to quell the spread of coronavirus misinformation, Facebook will show people who engaged with false content, which has now been deleted, messages that debunk those claims based on fact-checking efforts by the WHO. That includes claims that 5G mobile networks can spread the disease and rumors that hot climates can render people immune — posts that have since been removed.
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  • This combination of investment in people and operations works so well because the retail front line is a much more complex environment than people think. Take a supermarket, a setting full of bad jobs. In a typical supermarket, employees manage around 40,000 products. They serve more than 2,000 customers a day, who arrive at different times and want different things. They manage over a hundred sales promotions per week. There is a lot going on, and there is a lot that can be done more productively and profitably by workers who are motivated, proud of their work, and not always in too much of a rush. Of course, there is also a lot that can go wrong if workers are not trained, not motivated, or just too few in number. Wal-Mart executives are reported to have said that improving shelving alone could be a $3 billion opportunity.
  • First, these companies consider their workforce not as a cost to be minimized but as a strategic asset. They invest in their employees with the expectation that they will get even more back in terms of labor productivity, customer service, cost-cutting, innovation, and flexibility during difficult times. Most businesses consider their high-level managers and skilled professionals to be strategic assets. But these companies see their front-line people that way, too. Second, these companies make smart operational choices that enable their employees to be more productive and motivated and play a much bigger role in driving sales and reducing costs than in most retail chains. Good design in operations is the secret ingredient that makes the good jobs strategy work.
  • When I analyzed these four companies, I found that despite all their differences, they had one element in common: They all make a set of smart choices that allow them to achieve the combination of good jobs, low prices, and great results. These companies all follow what I call the good jobs strategy. It has two components.
  • We need more companies to adopt the good jobs strategy. It requires a paradigm shift in the way executives think about employees and the work they do. It requires long-term thinking. But it can be done.
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  • “Independent commissions offer several benefits, including eliminating the appearance of impropriety and making elections fairer. Legislators, for instance, are four times more likely than independent commissions to create congressional districts that ‘deny voters choice in the primary’ and two times more likely to do so for general elections. This is perhaps one of the reasons why maps drawn by independent commissions face fewer legal challenges than maps drawn by politicians.”
  • Independent redistricting commissions sound like the saving grace for free and fair elections. The people who make up these commissions are not elected officials and are typically screened prior to their work by an independent entity to guarantee fair outcomes. In December 2016 the Center for American Progress released a report in favor of independent redistricting commissions stating:
  • Expanding the number of total seats would make redistricting much easier, and could better reflect our diverse communities, truly representing the voices of the people.
  • Elected state legislatures are responsible for drawing congressional district lines in 31 states, 27 of which are subject to a veto from the governor.
  • “gerrymandering” originates from an 1812 incident in Massachusetts where Governor Elbridge Gerry re-drew district lines to benefit his political party
  • However, population changes are not the only reason a state may choose to change district lines
  • On paper, redistricting sounds easy. Following the decennial census, states re-draw district lines to reflect the changes in populations over the past ten years
  • Partisan gerrymandering occurs when district lines are drawn to give one political party or group an advantage over another
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  • congressional
  • “Anytime there’s a physical breach of a space, I automatically assume it was a digital compromise as well,” Coleman says. “This is just a bad, bad storm that we find ourselves in, and cybersecurity is absolutely included in that.”
  • But he and others emphasize that rather than replacing every device and cable in the entire congressional orbit, constant vigilance and an “assume breach” mentality will be the best defense going forward.
  • Given the scope of the intrusion, Coleman and others say that it's important to assume that any device could have been compromised and remediate the breach with that scale and scope in mind
  • Kelvin Coleman, executive director of the National Cyber Security Alliance, who formerly worked in the Department of Homeland Security and National Security Council.
  • Coleman adds, though, that for now the most important thing congressional IT staffers can do is account for which devices were stolen and begin a mass effort to reset passwords, add multifactor authentication to any accounts that don't already have it, wipe and reimage hard drives when practical, and comb monitoring logs for signs of access or exfiltration.
  • “I don’t think every office that was entered everything needs to be burned to the ground, but you need to be acknowledging that there’s real intelligence value in learning legislators’ intentions and plans on policy. This security breach is a big deal.”
  • much more candid in their communications
  • not subject to Freedom of Information Act obligations
  • congressional staffers
  • given that the mob had access only to unclassified networks
  • potentially exposed data at the Capitol on Wednesday would not have been classified,
  • Security and intelligence experts also emphasize that troves of unclassified information can still reveal sensitive or even classified information when combined.
  • But he concedes that representatives and senators have varying levels of cybersecurity competence and hygiene.
  • it creates segmentation and decentralization
  • ultimately each of the 435 representatives and 100 senators runs their own office with their own systems.
  • the mob Wednesday had ample opportunities to steal information or gain device access if they wanted to
  • cybersecurity is the next priority after physical security
  • , says that the Capitol inherently has more entrances and exits than can be simultaneously guarded at normal staffing levels.
  • Larkin
  • It's important to assume that any device could have been compromised.
  • "Items, electronic items, were stolen from senators' offices. Documents, materials, were stolen, and we have to identify what was done, mitigate that, and it could have potential national security equities. If there was damage, we don't know the extent of that yet."
  • routine process involves sweeping for bugs, like hidden microphones or cameras. But it will take time to evaluate every room and hallway all at once, and the stakes for missing something are high.
  • extensively reviewing security camera footage from the House and Senate floor, in hallways, and other spaces to see what intruders did, including what interactions they may have had with electronics.
  • And at least some equipment was stolen; Senator Jeff Merkley of Oregon said in a video late Wednesday that intruders took one of his office's laptops off a conference table.
  • some computers were left unlocked and remained accessible by the time rioters arrived
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  • In a tweet, Wednesday, Rep. Jake Auchincloss, D-Mass., called on Greene to resign and, if not, be expelled from the House.
  • Rep. Jim McGovern, D-Mass., tweeted: “And they wonder why we don’t want members carrying guns onto the House Floor.”
  • Clinton tweeted: "This woman should be on a watch list. Not in Congress."
  • "She is not a Republican," Rep. Adam Kinzinger, R-Ill., tweeted. "There are many who claim the title of Republican and have nothing in common with our core values."
  • Greene didn't address whether the posts in question
  • reflected her views
  • "Over the years, I've had teams of people manage my pages," she said. "Many posts have been liked. Many posts have been shared. Some did not represent my views."
  • "a hit piece on me focused on my time before running for political office."
  • Greene has served in Congress for only a few weeks, but she has already faced calls from some colleagues to resign over the spreading of false information about the election in the run-up to the Capitol riot this month. Greene denounced the violence but blamed the left and the media.
  • Greene has repeatedly questioned the legitimacy of mass shootings
  • Parkland, Florida, in 2018
  • survivor of the school shooting
  • berating the gun control activist David Hogg
  • On Wednesday, a video Greene that was posted to YouTube in Jan. 2020
  • before Greene's run for office
  • 2018 and 2019
  • Then, in a speech she posted on Facebook Live, Greene said that Pelosi was "guilty of treason" and that treason is "a crime punishable by death."
  • responded to a user
  • suggested that former President Barack Obama and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton be hanged
  • "through removal or death, doesn't matter, as long as she [Pelosi] goes."
  • liked comments that said that "a bullet to the head would be quicker" than removing House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif.,
  • repeatedly come under fire for her past support of the QAnon conspiracy theory
  • she had liked posts in recent years calling for violence against prominent Democrats while promoting extremist conspiracy theories.
  • Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene, R-Ga., is facing a backlash after a CNN review of her Facebook page
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  • He warned that if Greene’s rhetoric goes unchallenged, “things are going to get a lot worse.”
  • “I’ve been getting a lot of support from colleagues, even Republican colleagues who are saying some positive things, but they’re nervous,” Gomez said in an interview.
  • House GOP leaders, whose party attracts an increasingly virulent anti-establishment, conspiratorial base.
  • “President Trump’s popularity has never been stronger than it is today, and his endorsement means more than perhaps any endorsement at any time.”
  • “Leader McCarthy plans to have a conversation with the congresswoman about them,” a McCarthy spokesman said, though he did not elaborate further.
  • The GOP leader spent his day in West Palm Beach with Trump, formulating a plan for Republicans to take back the House in 2022.
  • Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Fla., that left 17 people dead was a “false flag,”
  • conspiracy theories
  • social media postings surfaced
  • including one that suggested shooting Pelosi in the head.
  • Greene, a onetime far-right online commentator, has a history of promoting violent ideas and beliefs
  • once endorsed violence against members of Congress.
  • denounce freshman Rep. Marjorie Taylor Greene (R-Ga.)
  • Republican leadership
  • pressure
  • leaders
  • Democratic
  • Some Democrats are expressing fears that Republican lawmakers — who in some cases have tried bringing weapons onto the House floor — cannot be trusted. Some have bought bulletproof vests and are seeking other protections.
  • The events reflected the extent to which the country’s legislative branch, which has for years been mired in partisan bickering
  • Hours after Pelosi’s remarks, House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.) met with Trump in Florida
  • Republicans continued to deepen their ties to the former president, who has been impeached on a charge of inciting an insurrection at the U.S. Capitol on Jan. 6.
  • “The enemy is within the House of Representatives, a threat that members are concerned about, in addition to what is happening outside,” Pelosi (D-Calif.) said at a Thursday morning news conference.
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